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The Story of Philosophy - BRYAN MAGEE


      Great Rationalists
      Great Empiricists
      Revolutionary French Thinkers
      Golden Century German Philosophy
      The Utilitarians
      The American Pragmatists
      20th CENTURY Philosophy
         Existentialism
      Guide to Further Reading
      Great extravagance

Great Rationalists

Rene Descartes (1596 – 1650) Back to square one

Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677) All is one, and the one is divine

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) The supreme polymath

Great Empiricists

John Locke (1632-1704) The supreme liberal

George Berkeley (1685-1753) The consistent empiricist

David Hume (1711-76) A modified scepticism

Edmund Burke (1729-97) The supreme conservative

Revolutionary French Thinkers

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) The supreme popularizer

DENIS DIDEROT (1713-84) The encyclopedist

JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-78) Critic of civilization

Golden Century German Philosophy

IMMANUEL KANT (1724-1804) Rationalism and empiricism come together

ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER (1788-1860) Western philosophy links up with eastern philosophy

JOHANN GOTTLIEB FICHTE (1762-1814)  The out-and out idealist

FRIEDRICH SCHELLING (1775-1854) Philosopher of nature

GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL (1770-1851) Evangelist of the absolute

KARL MARX (1818-83) HISTORY TRIES TO BECOME A SCIENCE

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE (1844-1900) God is dead

The Utilitarians

The empiricists concentrate on morals and politics

Jeremy Bentham

John Stuart Mill

The American Pragmatists

Charles Sanders Peirce

William James

John Dewey

20th CENTURY Philosophy

Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) LOGIC MOVES TO CENTER STAGE

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) Analytic philosophy

Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) linguistic philosophy

Existentialism

Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)

Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)

Philosophy as a branch of literature

In France, philosophy has developed in the 20th century as part of the general literary culture, without so much specialist interest in science, logic, and analysis.

Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

 Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)

Jacques Lacan (1901-1981)

From science to politics

Scientific knowledge has turned out to be conjectural, permanently open to revision in the light of experience.The same principle seems also to apply to politics.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Einstein Revolution

Karl Popper (1902-1994)

The future of philosophy increasing

Guide to Further Reading

Great extravagance

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