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Research paradigm for dissertation

Paradigm Ontology What is reality? Epistemology How can 1 know reality? Theoretical Perspective Which approach do you use to know something? Methodology How do you go about finding out? Method What techniques do you use to find out?
Positivism There is a single reality or truth (more realist). Reality can be measured and hence the focus is on reliable and valid tools to obtain that. Positivism Post-positivism Experimental research Survey research Usually quantitative, could include: Sampling Measurement and scaling Statistical analysis Questionnaire Focus group Interview
Constructivist / Interpretive There is no single reality or truth. Reality is created by individuals in groups (less realist). Therefore, reality needs to be interpreted. It is used to discover the underlying meaning of events and activities. Interpretivism (reality needs to be interpreted) •    Phenomenolo gy •    Symbolic interactionism •    Hermeneutics Critical Inquiry Feminism Ethnography Grounded Theory Phenomenologi cal research Heuristic inquiry Action Research Discourse Analysis Femenist Standpoint research etc Usually qualitative, could include: Qualitative interview Observation Participant Non participant Case study Life history Narrative Theme identification etc
Pragmatism Reality is constantly renegotiated, debated, interpreted in light of its usefulness in new unpredictable situations. The best method is one that solves problems. Finding out is the means, change is the underlying aim. Deweyan pragmatism Research through design Mixed methods Design-based research Action research Combination of any of the above and more, such as data mining expert review, usability testing, physical prototype
Subjectivism Reality is what we perceive to be real All knowledge is purely a matter of perspective. Postmodernism Structuralism Post-structralism Discourse theory Archaeology Genealogy Deconstruction etc. Autoethnography Semiotics Literary analysis Pastiche Intertextuality etc.
Critical Realities are socially constructed entities that are under constant internal influence. Reality and knowledge is both socially constructed and influenced by power relations from within society Marxism Queer theory feminism critical discourse analysis, critical ethnography action research ideology critique Ideological review Civil actions open-ended interviews, focus groups, open-ended questionnaires, open-ended observations, and journals.


Step 1: Research paradigm for your dissertation | Lærd Dissertation




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